A Guide to Understanding the difference and distinction between Hajj and Umrah

difference and distinction between Hajj and Umrah

If you’re planning on going to perform your Hajj and Umrah soon or in the future, we will be your Hajj and Umrah guide. You can also opt to read Hajj books or Umrah books to have a proper sense and knowledge for performing Umrah and performing Hajj. But for better ease, you can keep on reading and know all the essential information on the differences between Hajj and Umrah.

Similarities between Hajj and Umrah

Hajj and Umrah are both pilgrimages to the House of Allah, the Kaaba. In terms of rites and rituals, Hajj and Umrah are almost the same. Umrah comprises of wearing the Ihram, performing Tawaf, Sa’ai, drinking Zamzam water and shaving/cutting hair of the head.

Differences between Hajj and Umrah

In terms of its Obligation: Hajj is a pillar of Islam and is obligatory on every Muslim once in their lifetime, provided they are physically fit and financially capable. Whereas, Umrah has no compulsion, on Muslims.

In terms of the reward: Hajj is the major pilgrimage, while, Umrah is the minor one. The reward for performing Hajj is higher than that of performing Umrah. Nowadays, Muslims prefer Umrah because of its affordability as Hajj has gotten quite expensive in this era of Inflation.

In terms of performance and rituals: Although Hajj and Umrah are almost the same, Hajj still has more rituals to be performed before the Hajj is considered completed. For example, spending time in Mina, Muzdalifa, Arafat, Stoning the Devil and slaughtering an animal for Allah.

In terms of time: In terms of time: Hajj can only be offered in the month of Zil Hajj, only on the dates of 8th to 13th Zil Hajj. And can only be attempted once a year. While Umrah can be performed multiple times a year, at any time you please, except, on the dates of Hajj. Umrah can be performed in a few hours, while, Hajj is more detailed, requires more time to be completed.

In terms of types: Hajj has three types; Qiran, Ifraad, and Tamattu. Qiran is when a person performs Hajj and Umrah combined or one after another while wearing the same Ihraam. Ifraad is Hajj itself, while, Tamattu is when Hajj and Umrah are separately performed during the month of Zil Hajj.

Umrah has only two types, namely, Umrah Al Tamattu and Umrah Al Mufradah. The collective performance of Hajj and Umrah during the month of Zil Hajj is called Umrah Al Tamattu. Whereas, independently performing Umrah is called Umrah Al Mufradah. A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) said:

“Some among us put on Ihram for Hajj alone (Hajj Mufradah); some of us for Hajj and Umrah together (Qiran), and some of us for Tamattu (first for Umrah and after completing it for Hajj)”. [Sahih Muslim 1211]

In terms of Sovereignty: In terms of Sovereignty: The most significant difference between Hajj and Umrah is that Hajj is one of the pillars of Islam (fifth) and is obligatory on all well-off Muslims, while, Umrah is not essential and is not a pillar of Islam, but, all Muslims can offer it as it is the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet(ﷺ). Hajj is Farz; without its completion the faith of the believer is incomplete. In Surat Al Imran, verse 3, Allah says: “And pilgrimage to the house is a duty unto Allah for mankind, for him who can find a way thither”.

In spite of all the differences between Hajj and Umrah, there are a lot of fundamental similarities between them. They both are a form of worship of Allah; they are also a sign of sanctity and affection toward Allah. They help unite the Muslims through the huge annual congregation of Muslims during Hajj and in smaller numbers during the rest of the year for Umrah. The worldwide Muslim community comes closer to one another and the differences; of nationality, caste, color, and ethnicity are set aside and forgotten. Umrah can be performed in a few hours, while, Hajj is more detailed, requires more time to be completed.

A Comprehensive Guide to the Types of Tawaf

types of tawaf

The Umrah is a sort of Islamic pilgrimage to mecca that involves the circumambulating (Tawaf) of the Kabah. One has to do Tawaf around the Kaabah 7 times in the clockwise direction to perform the right Umrah. There are 7 types of Tawaf as mentioned by the authentic sources and are verified by almost all the scholars. This Umrah Guide will help you know the types of Tawaf and the different instructions applied to them.

Among the many types of Tawaf, the most renowned are:

Tawaf-ul-Qudoom:-

Known as the welcome Tawaf; Tawaf-ul-Qudoom is a type of Tawaf that is performed by an individual when he arrives in the mecca for Hajj, Umrah, or any business matters.

If a person is Afaaqi (the one who lives outside of Mecca) and has performed Hajj Ifrad or Hajj Qiran, then this Tawaf will be the Sunnah. However, if he has come to perform Hajj Tammatu or Umrah, then it is not Sunnah for him to do Tawaf-ul-Qudoom. This case is applied for the non-residents of Mecca, as with the residents, the case is different.

Tawaf Al Wada

Tawaf Al Wada is also known as the farewell tawaf and is performed at the end of Hajj. It is the final virtue of Hajj and is Wajib.

According to Tawaf Al Wada or the farewell tawaf, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) is reported to have said:

Let none of you leave Mecca before making a Tawaf around the Ka’abah, as the last of Hajj rites

Note: – The one who is just doing Umrah is not supposed to do the farewell tawaf. To be precise, it is only obligatory for those who have come on Hajj to the house of Allah.

Tawaf Al Ifada

The Tawaf Al Ifada is mandatory for all those who have come on to the house of Allah for Hajj. No Hajj can be performed without Tawaf Al Ifada and it can be performed between the dawn of 10th Zil haj to 12th Zil haj.

It is also known as Tawal-ul-Rukn and Tawaf-ul-Hajj.

Tawaf-ul-Tahiya

It is mustahib and is performed when a person enters Haram. In this particular Tawaf, a person is supposed to offer two units behind Maqam-e-Ibrahim (if possible). Otherwise, the 2 Rakaats can be performed anywhere.

Tawaf Al Umrah

It is an integral part of Umrah and is obligatory on those who have come solely for Umrah.

Tawaf-ul-Nafl

It is not Farz or Sunnah and neither Wajib. This type of Tawaf can be done at any time of the day to earn more reward. While Nafl has its own reward in the sight of Allah, but no penalty or sin will be imposed on the one who doesn’t offer Tawaf-ul-Nafl.  If you are in Mecca, it’s better to do Tawaf-ul-Nafl to earn some extra reward.

From the above topic, one should know the wisdom behind circumambulating the Kabah 7 times. It reminds us of the idea of our lives that it should be spent in thinking and remembrance of Allah. Since the Kabah is the center and our Qibla for prayers, the Tawaf strengthen our spirituality focus towards God. Moreover, it also develops a deep connection with the tradition of Prophet Ibrahim who was a strong believer of monotheism.

When going to perform Umrah, it is indeed essential to know the different types of Tawaf and the methods to perform them. One should know the difference between a welcome Tawaf and Farewell Tawaf, and between Farz Tawaf and Wajib tawaf. The sequence of prayers between Tawaf and the rules for the residents of mecca and for the non-residents; these all are basics of Islamic knowledge that we should acquire them. Regarding the Tawaf, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:Whoever circles the Kaaba seven times and prays two cycles will be rewarded as if he has freed a slave. A man does not raise his foot and bring it back down but that ten good deeds will be written for him, ten bad deeds will be erased, and he will be raised by ten degrees.”

30 Places To Visit in Madinah Sharif

1. Islamic University of Madinah

2. Abdul Aziz Library

3. Saqeefa Bani Saeda

4. Madina Library

5. Old Bazar

6. Madinah Museum

7. Al Noor Mall

8. Al Rashid Mall

9. Grave of Hazrat Aminah RA

10. Jannat ul Baqi

11. Tomb of Salman Farsi

12. Khak e Shifa

13. Jabal e Salaa

14. Jabal e Uhud

15. Masjid e Quba

16. Masjid e Zubab

17. Masjid e Sajdah/Masjid Al Buhayr

18. Masjid e Bani Haram

19. Masjid Ubayy

20. Masjid e Abu Bakar

21. Masjid e Ijabah

22. Masjid Bani Qurayzah

23. Masjid e Baghala

24. Masjid Fazeekh

25. Masjid e Jumma

26. Masjid e Fath/Masjid e Ahzab

27. Masjid e Bilal

28. Masjid e Ghamama

29. Masjid e Miqat

30. Ruins of Masjid e Zarrar

Method of Hajj and Umrah – Easy & Step by Step Guide

Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. It is a necessary religious commitment for Muslims that must be performed once their lifetimes by each and every Muslim who are physically and financially equipped to attempt the journey.

First day of Hajj:

Firstly take a bath or make Wadhu then put on Hajj Ihram and pray two Rakat nafl prayer then proclaim the Niyah for Hajj and recite Talibiyah 3 times, Now your obligations under Ihram begins after this leave for Mina before Zohr and recite Talibiyah frequently then Pray Zohr, Asr, Maghrib, Isha in Mina and stay overnight in Mina. The first day of Hajj is complete.

Day 2nd of Hajj:

After praying fajr, go to Arafat and pray Zohr and Asr after sunset go to Muzdalifah and pray Maghrib and Isha together then pick up across 70 pebbles and stay overnight in Muzdalifah

Day 3rd of Hajj:

Pray Fajr in Muzdalifah after sunrise go to Mina and throw 7 pebbles at Jamrah Al-Aqaba then do Qurbani (Hajj) Sacrifice animal and have your hair cut or shaved, Now take off your Ihraam and go to Masjid Al-Haram in Makkah to perform Tawaf-e-Ziyarah two Rakat near Muqam-e-Ibraheem after that drink Zam Zam water then you have to perform Safa and Marwah and soon after this you have to leave from Makkah. The third day of Hajj is completed.

Day 4th of Hajj:

You are in Mina after Zawal go to all three Jamarat and throw 7 pebbles at 3 Jamarat each. Stay in Mina for Ibadat. The fourth day of Hajj is completed.

Day 5th of Hajj:

You are in Mina after Zawal go to all three Jamarat and throw 7 pebbles at 3 Jamarat each. You have to leave Mina before fajar time begins then perform Tawaf Al-Wida. Leave Makkah Hajj is completed.

To facilitate pilgrims and to make their journey easier the I.T department of Dawat-e-Islami has developed a mobile application named as “Hajj and Umrah” so you can perform these two significant acts of worship in a prescribed manner.

Animated Complete Methode of Hajj and Umrah Guide Video.

The virtues & Rewards of Performing Umrah

The Rewards of Performing Umrah

Meaningful travelling is vital for great success. People travel for their businesses and jobs around the world. There is a journey which is not for the sake of business or job or any other worldly purpose and this journey is very blessed as well. This journey is to bless Makkah and blessed Madina for performing Umrah. There are different types of Nafal worships and Umrah is one of them.

 For performing Umrah, a person has to go to blessed Makkah with Ihram. First of all, a person puts Ihram and becomes a Muhrim and makes his intention for doing Umrah. After Ihram, he must reach the blessed Masjid Haram and do Tawaf of the Holy Kaba. After doing the seven circle of Tawaf around the Kaba, he must do Saee on Safa and Marwah hills. After performing Saee, he must shave his head or cut his hair for a specific length and woman cannot shave her head, she just cuts her hair, just a little bit, after saee. After performing all these acts, one must visit blessed Madina and present himself in the court of the beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِه وَسَلَّم.

Normally people go to perform Umrah without any proper knowledge and they don’t know the rulings of Umrah. People take interest in doing Duas and learning Duas but not in learning the rulings of Umrah. Dear brothers! Keep in mind that every step of Umrah has its own rulings which must be followed according to Sharia. Like, when someone puts ihram and makes the intention of Umrah many Halal things become Haram upon him and if he does not know about it, he may indulge in doing or using those things which are Haram upon him in Ihram and becomes a sinner rather than earning reward. Same is the situation of Tawaf and Saee. So we must learn the ruling of Umrah when we want to go to Umrah. One of the best books for learning the rulings of Umrah is Rafiq-ul-Mutamirn written by Ameer Ahle Sunnat Molana Ilyas Attar Qardri. This book will help you to learn the rulings of Umrah in a great deal; it is a complete Umrah guide book.

Umrah is such a great virtue that is called equal to Hajj and due to this great virtue sins are also expiated. When a person recites Labbaik, he is given the good news of Paradise and if someone dies on the way to perform Umrah, the reward of umrah will be written for him till the Day of Judgment. Let us read few ahadees regarding the reward of umrah.

The beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِه وَسَلَّم has said: Umrah in Ramadan is equivalent to Hajj with me. (Bukhari, vol. 1, pp. 614, Hadis 1863)

In another Hadees he has صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِه وَسَلَّم said: He who departed to perform Umrah and died on the way, the reward of Umrah will be written continually for him until the Day of Judgement. (Abi Yala, vol. 5, pp. 441, Hadis 6327)

Regarding the expiation of the sins he صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِه وَسَلَّم has said: All sins committed in between one Umrah and the other are expiated, and the reward of Hajj Mabrur is nothing but Paradise. (Bukhari, vol. 1, pp. 586, Hadis 1773)

Here is a blessed Hadiths regarding the reward of saying Labbaik: When the reciter of Labbaik recites it, he is given a piece of good news. It was asked, O beloved Rasool! Is he given the good news of being blessed with Paradise?’ He صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِه وَسَلَّم replied, ‘Yes.’ (Mujam Awsaṭ, vol. 5, pp. 410, Ḥadis 7779)

Dear brothers! From these Hadith we can easily understand the great reward of umrah. May Allah Almighty enable us to perform Umrah again and again? Ameen

What is Hajj and Umrah

what is hajj and umrah

Everything in this world has a purpose. What is the purpose of man in this world? Why is he created for? Let us ask this question to the sublime Kalam of Allah Almighty and ponder over the answer. Allah Almighty says in the Holy Quran:

وَ مَا خَلَقۡتُ الۡجِنَّ وَ الۡاِنۡسَ  اِلَّا لِیَعۡبُدُوۡنِ

And I have created the jinns and human beings, that they should worship Me alone. (Translation from Kanz-ul-Iman)

This is the answer to the  question which was raised. Now, we should ponder over our condition. Are we fulfilling the purpose for what we were created ? If we are fulfilling that purpose, well and good; and if not, we should start worshipping of our Lord Almighty. There are different types of worships in Islam and hajj and umrah are included in these worships. In these worships, not only we devote our time but we spend our money as well, to gain the pleasure of Allah Almighty. People around the world travel to Holy Makkah and Blessed Madina for performing these great worships. A little detail is given below about hajj and umrah.

Hajj means after putting Ihram to stay in the field of Arfat on ninth zilhajj and doing tawaf of the Holy Kaba. These acts must be done on a specific time of Hajj. Performing Hajj is Fard once in entire life for every such Muslim who can afford it. It is stated in part 4, Surah Aal-e-Imran, Ayah no 97:

وَ  لِلّٰہِ  عَلَی  النَّاسِ  حِجُّ   الۡبَیۡتِ  مَنِ  اسۡتَطَاعَ   اِ لَیۡہِ   سَبِیۡلًا  ؕ

And performing Hajj of this house, for the sake of Allah, is (an obligation) upon the people, who have the means to reach it. (Translation from Kanz-ul-Iman)

In the books of Commentary on Quran, it is stated that this Ayah informs us about the obligation of hajj on a person who can afford it. In blessed saying of the beloved Rasool صَلَّى اللهُ تَعَالٰى عَلَيْهِ وَاٰلِهٖ وَسَلَّم, provisions for the journey and means of transport are included in the means to reach it.

In another blessed Ayah of the Holy Quran Allah Almighty says;

وَ  اَتِمُّوا   الۡحَجَّ   وَ  الۡعُمۡـرَۃَ    لِلّٰہِ ؕ

And complete the Hajj and the Umrah for the sake of Allah (عَزَّوَجَلَّ).

[Kanz-ul-Iman Translation of Quran] (Part 2, Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 196)

Here, we just mentioned very basic concept of Hajj otherwise hajj is a complete  and detailed chapter. In the chapter of hajj, we study different topics like; upon whom hajj is fard? The preconditions of hajj and their details, how to put Ihram and what is the concept of Meeqat? After putting Ihram what is prohibited for a Muhrim. When we reach blessed Makkah what should we do there? How to perform Tawaf and from where it should be started? What should we do after Tawaf? What is the method and timing of doing Idtiba? After Tawaf, how to perform the saee and when to go to Arfat field? These are few questions to show the diversity of the rulings of hajj and umrah. So, if someone wants to go the perform hajj or umrah, he should learn the conditions properly.

Here is a little detail of Umrah; after putting Ihram doing Tawaf of Kaba and doing Saee that is called Umrah. Umrah can be performed the whole year except few days. People from around the world come whole year to blessed Makkah to perform Umrah. Specially In Rabi-ul-awwal and Ramzan-ul-Mubark, people travel to perform Umrah. Umrah in Ramzan ul Mubarak is equal to hajj in terms of gaining reward. Dear brothers! Keep in mind whether we do Hajj or Umrah visiting blessed Madina is one basic part of the hajj and umrah. May Allah Almighty grant us blessings of visiting Makkah and Madina again and again, Ameen.